Before Conception: 5 Factors Affecting Fertility in Women


Childbirth is a gift most parents have dreamed of since they were younger. However, there are instances when the body does not permit conception, which can lead to infertility. Although there are many physical factors to consider, there are also uncontrollable factors to check.

For example, some women may have difficulty conceiving due to existing health conditions. Others might see it as stressful, making them unfit to bear a child. But which common factors can affect fertility in women? Here are some ideas.

  1. Age

Age is one of the most common factors that affect fertility in women. As a woman ages, her fertility decreases, and the risk of infertility increases. Generally, a woman is most fertile in her 20s, and her fertility starts to decline in her 30s.

One of the main reasons why age affects fertility is because the quality and quantity of a woman’s eggs decrease over time. As a woman ages, her eggs become fewer in number, and the quality of the remaining eggs becomes poorer, which means the likelihood of pregnancy decreases.

  1. Timing and Frequency

Timing and frequency are important factors when it comes to fertility. A woman must have intercourse during her most fertile days to conceive a baby, usually within the five days leading up to ovulation and the day of ovulation.

Additionally, having intercourse frequently can increase the chances of conceiving, as it increases the chances of sperm being present within the female reproductive system. Therefore, trying as much as both parties can increase the chances of becoming pregnant.

  1. Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight is an essential part of overall health and well-being. For women, this is especially true regarding fertility and ovulation. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a tool used to measure body fat concerning height and weight.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that women maintain a BMI within the range of 19-25. A BMI outside this range can significantly impact a woman’s ability to conceive and carry a baby to term.  For underweight women, several health risks are associated with low BMI.

  1. Vices

Smoking, excessive drinking, and drug use can all negatively affect a woman’s fertility and ability to conceive. Smoking cigarettes has been linked to decreased fertility and an increased risk of miscarriage, the same with excessive alcohol consumption.

Meanwhile, drug use, even recreational drugs, has been linked to decreased fertility. Women need to understand the risks associated with these vices and take steps to reduce their impact on fertility and health. They should drop their vices to become healthier if they want to conceive.

  1. Existing Medical Conditions

Women with existing medical conditions such as endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, and uterine fibroids may have difficulty conceiving. These medical conditions can affect the ability of a woman to become pregnant and the baby’s health.

Women should discuss their medical conditions with their doctor and follow any recommended treatments to improve their chances of conception. They should not be scared or ashamed to declare their medical history as it will make the conception successful.


Several factors can affect a woman’s ability to conceive. Age, lifestyle, medical conditions, and fertility health can all play a role in a woman’s ability to become pregnant. Women should be aware of these factors and take steps to improve their chances of conception.

They should also talk to their doctor about any concerns or questions that they may have about their fertility health. Seeking medical help is always the best workaround for infertility, as experts can help ensure the conception succeeds without harming the mother.

Highlander Fertility Wellness Centre is a fertility wellness centre in Singapore dedicated to helping aspiring moms boost their chances of conceiving a child. Through our natural and effective ways to boost fertility, they can schedule a consultation to identify which service will work best for them. Learn more about our infertility massage by browsing our website today.

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