What Is Ectopic Pregnancy?


Pregnancy begins with a fertilised egg attaching itself to the uterus. In some cases, the fertilised egg fails to implant in the uterus and instead attaches itself to a place outside the uterus, resulting in an ectopic pregnancy.

A pregnancy that is not located in the uterus is referred to as an ectopic pregnancy. It usually occurs in the fallopian tube, which is the passageway from the ovaries to the uterus. This is called a tubal pregnancy. It can also take place in other parts of the body, including the ovary, the abdominal cavity, or the lower part of the uterus, which is connected to the vagina.

An ectopic pregnancy is a type of pregnancy where the fertilised egg does not implant in the uterus but instead implants in another area of the body. This can be dangerous because the growing tissue can cause severe bleeding, which can be life-threatening if not treated. The fertilised egg is unable to survive in this environment and cannot grow properly.

Here, we’ll learn more about ectopic pregnancy:

Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

Knowing the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can help you recognise the condition and get the medical attention you need.

The most common symptom of ectopic pregnancy is abdominal pain. It may start off as a dull ache, but it can quickly become more severe. The pain may be localised to one side of the abdomen or pelvis, or it may be more widespread. You may also experience shoulder pain, as the shoulder is connected to the abdomen.

Another common symptom is vaginal bleeding. It may start off as light spotting or a brownish discharge and then become heavier. The bleeding may also be accompanied by cramping or pain.

Other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and fainting. You may also experience low blood pressure and rapid heartbeat. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away.

If you suspect that you may be experiencing an ectopic pregnancy, it is important to get medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a successful outcome. Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and order an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis.

What Causes Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition that occurs when a fertilised egg implants and grows outside of the uterus. It is a life-threatening condition for both the mother and the unborn baby and is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the first trimester.

Ectopic pregnancies can occur in any part of the body but most commonly occur in the fallopian tubes. When a fertilised egg implants and begins to grow in the fallopian tube, it is known as a tubal pregnancy. Other less common sites of ectopic pregnancy include the cervix, ovaries, and abdominal cavity.

The exact cause of ectopic pregnancy is not known, but several factors can increase a woman’s risk. These include:

  • Previous ectopic pregnancy: Women who have had an ectopic pregnancy are more likely to have another.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): PID is an infection of the reproductive organs. It can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes, which can block the egg from passing through.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This can cause blockages in the fallopian tubes.
  • Abnormal fallopian tube anatomy: Abnormalities in the structure of the fallopian tubes can cause blockages, which can prevent the egg from passing through.
  • Smoking: Smoking cigarettes increases a woman’s risk of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Age: Women over the age of 35 are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Fertility treatments: Women who undergo fertility treatments are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Previous surgery: Women who have had surgery on their reproductive organs are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy.


Ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition that can have serious complications for the woman and her baby. It is important for women to be aware of the symptoms, risk factors, and causes of ectopic pregnancy. Early diagnosis is key to successful treatment and should not be delayed. If you think you may be at risk for ectopic pregnancy, it is important to speak to your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Although ectopic pregnancy can be a difficult experience, with proper medical care, it can be managed.

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